by Sarah Fox
When you make the decision to adopt a dog, you are adopting a new member of the family. Dogs are wonderful – they are loyal, good companions, and are always excited to see you when you come through the door. They can also be expensive, needy and owning one can change your entire lifestyle. Being an ethical and responsible dog owner is more than just loving a cute, new puppy, it is a serious long-term commitment for the whole family.
Budgets, Schedules and Other Considerations
Before you make the decision to welcome a dog into your family, it’s important to look at your family’s budget and see if it can handle a new furry addition. You should be prepared to do whatever it takes to care for your new family member. “Specialty surgeries are costly starting at around $1,000 and can rang upwards of $5,000-7,000. It is a good idea to register your pet with a Pet Insurance plan. The Oahu SPCA offers the lowest cost veterinary services available to the community. Our amazing veterinary team and affordable will ensure that your family members can receive all the essential care that they need.”
Another thing to consider is how much time you have to devote to the care of your dog. If the family is out of the house for long periods of time every day, or travels frequently, a dog may not be right for you. Are you ready for the lifestyle change that comes along with pet ownership? All dogs need physical activity to stay healthy and stimulated, and you must have room in your family’s schedule to walk the dog every day. When dogs don’t have enough exercise and interaction, they can quickly become destructive. “The average dog has the mental capacity of a 4-5 year old child. A responsible pet parent ensures that their family member receives the adequate nurturing and exercise that you both need every day.”
If you have the time and money, it’s time to take a look at your living situation. Are dogs allowed where you live? How much noise will be tolerated by your neighbors? Do you have space for the dog? The Hawaiian Humane Society recommends keeping dogs indoor if possible. If you have an outdoor dog make sure that they have adequate shelter from the weather and access to food and fresh water.
How to Choose the Right Dog
Almost any dog breed can become a loving and lifelong companion, but there are some breeds that will be better suited to your family than others. Once you’ve decided that you’re going to get a dog, do your research on the various breeds of dogs that are out there. Involve the whole family in selecting the pet. Do research together, and let all of the family members give their opinion on which type of dog is best.
Start by deciding on the appropriate size for your family. Larger dogs will require more space, so your choices of dogs may be restricted by your living space. Take into consideration the temperament of the breeds you look at and your family’s lifestyle. For example, if you live in a tiny apartment, a large dog may not be the best choice. However, if you’re an avid runner, or have a large family with lots of time to play with the dog, it could be fine. Research a potential dog’s size, exercise requirements, friendliness and aggression. Also be sure to choose a dog that is compatible with children.
Although puppies are adorable, consider adopting a slightly older dog, especially if you have very young children. “Puppies are extremely active and may out of excitement accidentally scratch a young child. Similarly, a young child may accidently hurt a young puppy with a toy or falling object. Adult dogs can provide the young child with stability and balance as they are learning to walk. They are also calmer, quieter and provide constant companionship.”
Once you’ve decided on the type of dog that you want, think about adopting a pet from your local shelter. Shelters have all types of dogs, ranging from small to large, and they have both purebreds and poi dogs. “The Oahu SPCA rehabilitates all dogs and cats providing them with all the necessary surgeries including sterilization, all veterinary care, microchip identification and training to ensure a successful adoption in a “furever” home.”
If you do decide to buy your puppy from a breeder or pet store, make sure that the parents are healthy and live in good conditions. Go through ethical breeders, and do not buy a dog from someone who will not let you visit the puppy’s parents, as chances are they are kept in poor conditions or are from puppy mills.
Bringing Your New Pet Home
Prepare your house for your new arrival before you bring your dog home. Make room for him to eat and sleep, and have a collar, ID Tag and leash ready to go. Take the time to pet-proof your home, and remove electrical cords and wires from where dogs can chew on them.
“Take the time to discuss with your children the importance of responsible pet ownership. Properly train both your children and new pet to successfully integrate them in your family. Your family will be forever enriched by a furry friend and family member. This is the greatest experience for a child growing up to teach them empathy and responsibility for one that is dependent on their love and care.”
According to a survey from the American Pet Product Association, the majority of pet owners believe that dogs teach their kids to be more responsible. Younger kids can be responsible for keeping the dog’s water dish full and can help brush the dog. Older kids can be in charge of measuring food or walking the dog. They can also help with training, and it can be a great experience to allow them to come to training classes with you and the dog.
Of course, even responsible children will make mistakes, so be aware that the dog’s care is ultimately going to be your responsibility. However, even the mistakes your children make can be educational, if you use them to come up with a plan for how to care for the dog better in the future.
The whole family can take care of the dog together by going on walks, playing fetch or just rolling around. This is not only a great chance for everyone to get some exercise and fresh air, but it also facilitates spending time together in a fun way.
Having A Dog in Hawai’i
“In many ways there are fewer concerns for dog owners in Hawai’i in terms of diseases as compared to the Continental US,” Dr. Elison says. Hawai’i is free of rabies, Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Foxtails, salmon poisoning and systematic fungal disease. Leptospirosis, a bacterial disease, is a concern in our state but it can be kept under control with vaccinations. Our climate also supports the presence of heartworm and intestinal parasites, but monthly medication can manage these problems.
Our moderate climate allows many breeds of dogs to flourish here, but there are a few types of dogs that will not fare as well. Breeds with short noses, such as Bulldogs, French Bulldogs and Pugs, are prone to overheating. The weather is also not idea for arctic dogs with thick coats like Samoyeds, Huskies and Malamutes. If the breed you choose has thinner hair take caution that they don’t get sunburned. Dogs with short hair coats that like to swim are perfect for life in Hawaii.
Choosing whether or not to adopt is a big decision that should be carefully thought out, and puppies shouldn’t be purchased on a whim. Your children may beg and plead, and promise they will be the ones caring for the dog, but the adults in the family will be responsible for another living creature. Most dogs will live 15-18 years, so your dog may still be with you when your children go off to college. If you plan to move off-island at any point, transporting your dog can be a financial burden, and you should prepare for these expenses. Be sure that you are up to the challenge of taking care of your pet through the economic and emotional ups and downs of your family.
How to Apply for Adoption at Oahu SPCA
Step 1: Browse adoptable pets at OahuSPCA.org or on their Instagram @the_oahu_spca.
Step 2: Complete an adoption application. Be sure to provide names of pets you’re interested in.
Step 3: Wait for a call from their team for approval to schedule a Meet & Greet.
Step 4: Schedule an exit exam with a shelter veterinarian and take your new fur buddy home!
Oahu SPCA offers a one-week Foster to Adopt program to see if adoption is the right choice for your family.